Key interventions to control malaria include: prompt and effective treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapies; use of insecticidal nets by people at risk; and indoor residual spraying with insecticide to control the vector mosquitoes.
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Malaria is, at present, responsible for more deaths than AIDS.
Malaria is an infection of red blood cells caused by a single-celled parasite. It is nearly always spread by the bite of an infected female mosquito, but also potentially by a transfusion with contaminated blood, or an injection with a needle that was previously used by a person with the infection.
Malaria occurs most commonly in tropical areas of the world, in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. Malaria occurs in the north-eastern parts of South Africa, particularly during rainy periods of the year.
Symptoms not to ignore when you have
Nausea and Diarrhoea
been in a malaria area include: